Institute of Experimental
Psychology

Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences, S.A.Sc.

Dúbravská cesta 9
841 04 Bratislava
Slovak Republic
+421-2-54775625
"I never did anything by accident, nor did any of my inventions
come by accident; they came by work."           T. A. Edison

Publications

Decision-making of professionals. Processual, personality and social aspects

Peter Halama (Ed.)

Year of publication: 2017
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie CSPV SAV
Number of pages: 149 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-56-5

Abstract:

The book presents results of the project supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency that was running at the Institute of Experimental Psychology in 2013 – 2017. The topic was study of decision-making processes in the context of selected professions with emphasis on their personality, social and processual aspects. The book comprises 7 chapters that cover the individual topics of the research project. These include decision-making of financial professionals, managers, healthcare workers or teachers. The chapters analyze decision-making processes in the context of selected personality, cognitive and social variables.



The research of macrocognition and emotion in decision-making of health care professionals

Jitka Gurňáková a kol.

Year of publication: 2017
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie CSPV SAV
Number of pages: 294 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-60-2

Abstract:

Successful decision-making of professionals in unknown, complex, and dynamically changing conditions depends not only on deep technical knowledge, but also on specific cognitive and social skills based on practical experience. The ability to filter important information from the less important, find the problem and choose an efficient solution, coordinate several activities for the benefit of achieving the goal, or the ability to make plans and adapt the plans to the current situation are examples of complex cognitive processes, known as macrocognitions. Solving uniquely difficult situations in the line of work of health care professionals leads to the increase of importance of their ability to regulate their own emotions. This book presents, in six empirical studies, the analysis results of selected psychological factors that influence the effectiveness of decision-making in the work of paramedics, emergency services physicians, and nurses. Despite the scientific character of this book, the findings presented within can be of significance not only to researchers, but also to all those who care about the quality of health care, education and professional growth of health care professionals.



Judgment and Decision Making VI: Individual and others: Decision making in social context

Radomír Masaryk, Jana Bašnáková (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Olomouc
Number of pages: 240 p.
ISBN: 978-80-244-5033-9

Abstract:

The monograph summarizes the results of the VEGA grant project „Social influences in individual decision making“. Our inspiration to focus on social influences was the fact that traditional approaches to decision making usually study only limited aspects of the decision making process, often outside of their natural context. Only a few traditional researches consider also wider social or cultural factors that constitute the individual’s decision making environment and naturally affect the decisions. At the same time, changeable cultural and social context is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to find and isolate „universal“ rules for human decision making.



Anatomy of intuition. Psychology of rational thinking II.

Vladimíra Čavojová

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Iris
Source: http://www.martinus.sk/?uItem=261388
Number of pages: 132 p.
ISBN: 9788089726738

Abstract:

The question of how to make decisions – whether rationally “with our head“ or intuitively “with our heart“ is one of the most frequent questions psychologists have to face. To what extent can we rely on intuition in our judgment and decision making – we asked this question at the beginning of our research project and this book is the result of our thinking and research related to the role of intuition in decision making and judgment. Nevertheless, not even this book offers a definite answer, rather a view to what extent it pays off to rely on intuition and in what circumstances, because a realistic (and maybe a little bit skeptical) approach to our own intuition can help us make better and informed decisions that we won’t regret later.



Brain: User’s manual. Psychology of rational thinking.

Vladimíra Čavojová, Eva Ballová Mikušková, Martin Majerník, Marek Jurkovič, Andrea Juhásová, & Radomír Masaryk

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Iris
Source: http://www.martinus.sk/?uItem=238988
Number of pages: 172 p.
ISBN: 9788089726578

Abstract:

There are enough specialized books in Slovakia that focus on thinking. However, there are only a few that would apply methods of scientific thinking into everyday life in a comprehensive and evidence based way. The group of authors offers this “manual of common sense” not only to students and their teachers, but to all those taking interest in psychology. The book is a set of essays that present scientists’ and teachers’ opinions. They show the importance of culturing rationality in everyday life and education from different aspects. The authors convince us that science does not strip things from their secrets and “miracles”, which science is commonly accused of. Openness to critical thinking leads to uncovering more and more fascinating mysteries than those found in simplified and unambiguous statements of pseudoscientific theories. Reality is more complicated than we often think or care to admit. This book is a “set book” for all who wish to embark on an adventurous journey of knowledge, full of risk and uncertainty.



Notable figures of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SAS

Eva Ballová Mikušková, Vladimíra Čavojová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2015
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 114 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-51-0

Abstract:

IEP SAS is not only a building or workplace - it was and still is formed by people - many individuals, who contributed to its present form and built its good name and brand. Dedicated especially to them, the book Notable figures of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SAS. 1955-2015, was published by IEP SAS in the event of its 60th anniversary of foundation. If you would like to obtain this original book, please complete the following form: http://goo.gl/forms/rKyLgp1vY3



Roads to decision making: Six decades of psychological research

Katarína Dudeková, Lenka Kostovičová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2015
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 151 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-52-7

Abstract:

Reviewed proceedings from the conference organized for the 60th anniversary of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SASc. on April 10, 2015 in Bratislava. The proceedings comprise full texts of the conference papers. There is a double meaning to the symbolic title Roads to decision making. It is a reflection of what is already in the past, but especially of what lies ahead of us, within the research trying to understand the processes of judgments and choices of people in their professional and everyday lives. However, roads present an analogy to various approaches, methods, and paradigms that can reveal the mysteries of human cognitions.



Michal Stríženec

Year of publication: 2015

Abstract:



Cognitive mosaic of human personality

Ivan Sarmány-Schuller a kol.

Year of publication: 2014
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 244 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-50-3

Abstract:

“Cognitive mosaic of human personality” was written for a wider circle of readers, not only psychologists, who are probably the closest to the questions of personality. Mosaic in this case means completing individual pieces into the image of such complex phenomenon as the human personality. We are trying to complete the knowledge in the studied field by theoretical elaboration of individual personality phenomena and by experimental activities. Thus, the book includes both, theory and research results. The central topic of the book is personality construct “need for structure”, which profiles individual parts of the collective monograph. Presented are basic principles of this construct, but also many research findings of Slovak as well as foreign origin (Ivan Sarmány-Schuller). Second chapter focuses on such important and currently almost privileged questions of decision-making and related phenomena of rational and intuitive decision-making and thinking, as well as on historical questions of knowledge, cognitive fallacies and biases (Imrich Ruisel). Chapter bearing the name “Mosaics of optimism” (Matúš Grežo and Ivan Sarmány-Schuller) is a theoretic elaboration of several concepts of optimism, from naive to real, from explanatory to dispositional style, from optimism of managers to the optimism of financial analysts. The fourth chapter focuses on another part of personality that is significantly related to decision-making and preferred way of information processing, in this case it is the relationship between cognitive styles and religiosity, including religious fundamentalism (Lucia Adamovová). The next three chapters describe in more detail the theory of schemas (Jana Kordačová), either schemas and their place in the cognitive structuring of knowledge (Chapter 5), newer approaches to the questions of structuring human cognition (Chapter 6), or types of schemas (physical, self, gender, cultural, etc.) that are presented in Chapter 7, called “Forms of cognitive structuring and schema attributes”. Chapter 8 deals with the problem of personality characteristic in relation to the personality concept “need for structure”, especially in relation to counterfactual thinking, wisdom and self-efficacy (Alexandra Prokopčáková). Rarely studied questions related to the neurocognitive approach to the study of the need for cognitive structure emerge in Chapter 9 (Mária Túnyiová). The following chapter (Chapter 10) is dedicated to seldom studied questions of the need for structure in the context of intercultural psychology, where such phenomena as, e.g., ambiguity tolerance, analytical vs. intuitive cognitive strategies are compared on a theoretical level (Ivan Brezina). Questions of coping also belong to the mosaic of personality, in this case reactive and proactive (coping) in the sensitive age of adolescence, these form the final chapter (Chapter 11), which presents research findings of gender differences (Emília Ficková).



Decision making in the context of cognition, personality and emotions IV.

Eva Ballová Mikušková, Vladimíra Čavojová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2014
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 216 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-49-7

Abstract:

Peer-reviewed proceedings from the IV. international conference “Decision making in the context of cognition, personality and emotions IV.”, which took place in hotel Tatra in Bratislava on June 20, 2014 under the supervision of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, SASc., who was the main organizer. Proceedings include full texts of conference papers.



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