Institute of Experimental
Psychology

Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences, S.A.Sc.

Dúbravská cesta 9
841 04 Bratislava
Slovak Republic
+421-2-54775625
"I never did anything by accident, nor did any of my inventions
come by accident; they came by work."           T. A. Edison

Publications

Judgment and Decision Making VI: Individual and others: Decision making in social context

Radomír Masaryk, Jana Bašnáková (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Olomouc
Number of pages: 240 p.
ISBN: 978-80-244-5033-9

Abstract:

The monograph summarizes the results of the VEGA grant project „Social influences in individual decision making“. Our inspiration to focus on social influences was the fact that traditional approaches to decision making usually study only limited aspects of the decision making process, often outside of their natural context. Only a few traditional researches consider also wider social or cultural factors that constitute the individual’s decision making environment and naturally affect the decisions. At the same time, changeable cultural and social context is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to find and isolate „universal“ rules for human decision making.



Anatomy of intuition. Psychology of rational thinking II.

Vladimíra Čavojová

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Iris
Source: http://www.martinus.sk/?uItem=261388
Number of pages: 132 p.
ISBN: 9788089726738

Abstract:

The question of how to make decisions – whether rationally “with our head“ or intuitively “with our heart“ is one of the most frequent questions psychologists have to face. To what extent can we rely on intuition in our judgment and decision making – we asked this question at the beginning of our research project and this book is the result of our thinking and research related to the role of intuition in decision making and judgment. Nevertheless, not even this book offers a definite answer, rather a view to what extent it pays off to rely on intuition and in what circumstances, because a realistic (and maybe a little bit skeptical) approach to our own intuition can help us make better and informed decisions that we won’t regret later.



Brain: User’s manual. Psychology of rational thinking.

Vladimíra Čavojová, Eva Ballová Mikušková, Martin Majerník, Marek Jurkovič, Andrea Juhásová, & Radomír Masaryk

Year of publication: 2016
Publisher: Iris
Source: http://www.martinus.sk/?uItem=238988
Number of pages: 172 p.
ISBN: 9788089726578

Abstract:

There are enough specialized books in Slovakia that focus on thinking. However, there are only a few that would apply methods of scientific thinking into everyday life in a comprehensive and evidence based way. The group of authors offers this “manual of common sense” not only to students and their teachers, but to all those taking interest in psychology. The book is a set of essays that present scientists’ and teachers’ opinions. They show the importance of culturing rationality in everyday life and education from different aspects. The authors convince us that science does not strip things from their secrets and “miracles”, which science is commonly accused of. Openness to critical thinking leads to uncovering more and more fascinating mysteries than those found in simplified and unambiguous statements of pseudoscientific theories. Reality is more complicated than we often think or care to admit. This book is a “set book” for all who wish to embark on an adventurous journey of knowledge, full of risk and uncertainty.



Notable figures of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SAS

Eva Ballová Mikušková, Vladimíra Čavojová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2015
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 114 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-51-0

Abstract:

IEP SAS is not only a building or workplace - it was and still is formed by people - many individuals, who contributed to its present form and built its good name and brand. Dedicated especially to them, the book Notable figures of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SAS. 1955-2015, was published by IEP SAS in the event of its 60th anniversary of foundation. If you would like to obtain this original book, please complete the following form: http://goo.gl/forms/rKyLgp1vY3



Roads to decision making: Six decades of psychological research

Katarína Dudeková, Lenka Kostovičová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2015
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 151 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-52-7

Abstract:

Reviewed proceedings from the conference organized for the 60th anniversary of the Institute of Experimental Psychology SASc. on April 10, 2015 in Bratislava. The proceedings comprise full texts of the conference papers. There is a double meaning to the symbolic title Roads to decision making. It is a reflection of what is already in the past, but especially of what lies ahead of us, within the research trying to understand the processes of judgments and choices of people in their professional and everyday lives. However, roads present an analogy to various approaches, methods, and paradigms that can reveal the mysteries of human cognitions.



Michal Stríženec

Year of publication: 2015

Abstract:



Cognitive mosaic of human personality

Ivan Sarmány-Schuller a kol.

Year of publication: 2014
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 244 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-50-3

Abstract:

“Cognitive mosaic of human personality” was written for a wider circle of readers, not only psychologists, who are probably the closest to the questions of personality. Mosaic in this case means completing individual pieces into the image of such complex phenomenon as the human personality. We are trying to complete the knowledge in the studied field by theoretical elaboration of individual personality phenomena and by experimental activities. Thus, the book includes both, theory and research results. The central topic of the book is personality construct “need for structure”, which profiles individual parts of the collective monograph. Presented are basic principles of this construct, but also many research findings of Slovak as well as foreign origin (Ivan Sarmány-Schuller). Second chapter focuses on such important and currently almost privileged questions of decision-making and related phenomena of rational and intuitive decision-making and thinking, as well as on historical questions of knowledge, cognitive fallacies and biases (Imrich Ruisel). Chapter bearing the name “Mosaics of optimism” (Matúš Grežo and Ivan Sarmány-Schuller) is a theoretic elaboration of several concepts of optimism, from naive to real, from explanatory to dispositional style, from optimism of managers to the optimism of financial analysts. The fourth chapter focuses on another part of personality that is significantly related to decision-making and preferred way of information processing, in this case it is the relationship between cognitive styles and religiosity, including religious fundamentalism (Lucia Adamovová). The next three chapters describe in more detail the theory of schemas (Jana Kordačová), either schemas and their place in the cognitive structuring of knowledge (Chapter 5), newer approaches to the questions of structuring human cognition (Chapter 6), or types of schemas (physical, self, gender, cultural, etc.) that are presented in Chapter 7, called “Forms of cognitive structuring and schema attributes”. Chapter 8 deals with the problem of personality characteristic in relation to the personality concept “need for structure”, especially in relation to counterfactual thinking, wisdom and self-efficacy (Alexandra Prokopčáková). Rarely studied questions related to the neurocognitive approach to the study of the need for cognitive structure emerge in Chapter 9 (Mária Túnyiová). The following chapter (Chapter 10) is dedicated to seldom studied questions of the need for structure in the context of intercultural psychology, where such phenomena as, e.g., ambiguity tolerance, analytical vs. intuitive cognitive strategies are compared on a theoretical level (Ivan Brezina). Questions of coping also belong to the mosaic of personality, in this case reactive and proactive (coping) in the sensitive age of adolescence, these form the final chapter (Chapter 11), which presents research findings of gender differences (Emília Ficková).



Decision making in the context of cognition, personality and emotions IV.

Eva Ballová Mikušková, Vladimíra Čavojová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2014
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 216 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-49-7

Abstract:

Peer-reviewed proceedings from the IV. international conference “Decision making in the context of cognition, personality and emotions IV.”, which took place in hotel Tatra in Bratislava on June 20, 2014 under the supervision of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, SASc., who was the main organizer. Proceedings include full texts of conference papers.



Decision making of professionals: Self-regulation, stress and personality

Jitka Gurňáková a kol.

Year of publication: 2013
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV
Number of pages: 310 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-45-9

Abstract:

This book presents results from the research of specific psychological conditions, relations and consequences of more or less effective coping and emotional self-regulation with the quality of decision making within the work of medical professionals. Following the monograph "Introduction to naturalistic decision making" (Gurňáková et al., 2011), this book isthe other half of the most significant results within the grant VEGA 2/0095/10 "Osobnostné aspekty efektívnej sebaregulácie a rozhodovania v situáciách emočnej záťaže" (Moral aspects of effective self-regulation and decision making in situations of emotional stress), solved at the Institute of Experimental Psychology SASc. in Bratislava between 2010 and 2013. The first part of this book presents findings of questionnaire studies that focused on identifying sources, degree and negative consequences of perceived stress of emergency link operators, paramedics, nurses, and partially soldiers – with emphasis on its demonstration in the effectiveness of their professional decision making, as well as on selected cognitive and personality characteristics that influence the ability of coping with stress. The second part of the monograph comprises four studies that represent pilot applications of the principles of naturalistic research of decision making of paramedics in real or to reality close situations. In addition to its objective focus on actual decision making context and process of paramedics, it also presents an application of lesser known procedures of the naturalistic research of decision making – the method of critical decisions and specific combinations of qualitative and quantitative methods of processing objective and subjective data from real or simulated situations close to reality.



Decision-making and judgment IV. (Intuition applications and limitations)

Róbert Hanák, Eva Ballová-Mikušková, Vladimíra Čavojová (Eds.)

Year of publication: 2013
Publisher: Ústav experimentálnej psychológie SAV, Bratislava
Number of pages: 186 p.
ISBN: 978-80-88910-43-5

Abstract:

The book is a sequel to the series of monographs Decision-making and judgment (Bačová, 2010, 2011, 2012) published by the Institute of Experimental Psychology, focusing on decision-making and judgment, but at the same time the authors of individuals chapters gradually shift their focus from classic decision-making theories to intuitive decision-making . Intuition in decision-making is very topical in current scientific literature. The critical view on applications and limitations of using intuition in decision-making and methods of its assessment were not common in Slovakia. The book comprises seven chapters, arranged so as to introduce intuition as adaptive strategy with its specific advantages and limitations (V. Čavojová, E. Ballová Mikušková), and followed by chapters mapping the possibilities and limitations of intuition assessment together with introducing individual methods (R. Hanák, H. Harenčárová). The book is concluded by two chapters focusing on intuition application in the psychology of financial decision-making (V. Bačová, M. Stríženec), and in scientific creativity (V. Čavojová). Similarly to the previous three monographs, this sequel is also aimed at scientific readership, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers in the field of psychology, economy, sociology, and cognitive sciences, nevertheless the chapters are written in a language comprehensible also to informed laymen.



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